Cultural Life in Asom
A Treasure House
Of Asom`s Cultural Heritage
contribution to art, culture, literature and particularly to
the freedom struggle has earned for it a unique niche in the
history of Asom. Chandra Kumar Agarwalla, Ananda Agarwalla,
Dandi Kalita and a score of others enriched Assamese
"Rup Konwar" Jyoti Prasad the doyen of Assamese art and
culture was an artist, poet, dramatist, lyricist, filmmaker
and a fearless freedom fighter. In 1942, for the first time
in the entire British India, the Tricolour was hoisted in
the police station at Gahpur, a quite town under Sonitpur
district. Fourteen-year-old Kanaklata braved British bullets
and died holding the national flag aloft over here.
Asom - the
meeting ground of diverse culture
the Sub-Himalayan range of hills in the North and North East
is the state of Asom in India. Asom is encircled by the Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland, Tripura, Arunachal
Pradesh and West Bengal. Asom - the enchanting sangrila in
the North East of India, is a mixing pot where culture,
heritage, tradition, lifestyle, faith and belief of her
Aryan & Non-Aryan, numerous tribes & sub-tribes, Mongoloids
& Australoids, drawn from various hives at different points
of time have gone into form the Assamese culture - a
fascinating and exotic recipe of delightful flavour. The
culture of Asom is a rich tapestry infused with multicoloured yarns of distinguished heritage of all the
races that populate her.
The People of
The people of
Asom are in fact the result of fusion of people from
different racial stocks who migrated to Asom down the ages.
The Assamese population can be divided into two broad groups
: the non-tribal people who constitute the majority and the tribals.
The Australoids were the first to come to the land; the
Mongoloids, came here in a series of migrations from the
north, north-east and south-east; and the Caucasoids who
came from the west by the valley formed by the Ganges and
Book a tour to Asom
Today, the people of the State can be broadly identified and
classified as the Non-Tribals or Plains People. The people
of the plains generally live in the plains and the Tribals
mainly live in the hills. Though, Asom has a valuable
tribal population in the plains too.
The state is peopled by a large number of tribal groups;
major among them being the Boro-Kacharis, the Deori, the
Misings, the Dimassas, the Karbis, the Lalungs, the Rabhas
etc. Ahkhomiya or Assamese is the language of Asom. Asom
has a reputation for warm hospitality. People of Asom are
homely, charming and openhearted.
Festivals of Asom
The superb blend
of heritage extracted from numerous races have made Asom
the home to the most colourful festivals at once blazing,
compelling and mesmerizing. Most of the festivals celebrated
in Asom have their root in the varied faith and belief of
its people. Diwali, Holi, Durga Puja, Swaraswati Puja,
Lakshmi Puja, Kalipuja, Shivaratri are some of the major
festivals celebrated by the Hindus of Asom. Those of
Islamic faith celebrate Idd and Muharram. Similarly,
Christians celebrate Christmas.
Besides the religious and national festivals observed
throughout the Country, Asom has a large number of colourful festivals of its own replete with fun, music and
dances. Asomís fairs and festivals are as varied as its
population which comes from different racial origins, both
tribal and non-tribal.
Bihu, the agricultural festival of Asom is celebrated by
all Assamese, irrespective of caste, creed or religion. Bihu,
Asom's very own festival come off at various stages of
cultivation of paddy, the principal crop of Asom. There are
three Bihus that come off at various stages of cultivation
of paddy, the principal crop of Asom. They are Bahag (Baisakh)
Bihu, Kati (Kartika) Bihu and Magh (Magha) Bihu.
Art & Craft
immemorial, the people of Asom have traditionally been
craftsmen. The magic of art of Assamese craftsmen is a
common passion inspiring the deep senses with itsí age old
simplicity and sophistication. Though, Asom is renown for
its exquisite silks, bamboo and cane products, several other
crafts are also made here. The colourful Assamese Japi
(headgear), terracotta of Gauripur and various decorative
items bear witness to the craftsmanship of this land. Asom
Handloom is indeed noteworthy offering a mosaic of colours
and contours with pleasing motifs and designs. The Eri, Muga
(Assamese silk dresses) and typical tribal attires are a
treat to the eyes of the beholder.
Dance, music, woodwork, pottery, sitalpati or the art of mat
making have survived through centuries with fewer changes
since it remained an integral part of the locals. The advent
of modernity, indeed, has brought a change in the everyday
lifestyle of the tribals, yet the basic arts and crafts, and
their technique of production has not changed much.
The land of Ahoms, Asom has a rich cultural tradition,
which finds detail in several arts and crafts form of Asom.
The natural beauty of Asom, is said to be reflected, in