Green Spaces &
Climate in Sonitpur District
is a land of natural beauty, ancient monuments, and rich
cultural heritage. It is spread over an area of 5,225 sq km
on the north bank of the Brahmaputra. The name 'Sonitpur'
literally means 'the city of blood.' It is bounded by
Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Lakhimpur District in the
east and Darrang District in the west. Sonitpur, located
between the mighty Brahmaputra and the Himalayan foothills
of Arunachal Pradesh, is largely plain with some hills.
The central and southern portion of the main plain has hills
and hillocks, especially near the Brahmaputra river.
Important hills include the Agnigarh and the Bhomuraguri.
The region has trees and tea-plantations and paddy fields.
The northern portion is made up of Forest Reserves and
sparsely populated forest-villages. The region abounds in
bio-diversity with evergreen and deciduous trees of several
types. There is a National Park (Nameri), a few Wildlife
sanctuaries (Sonai-Rupai & Bor-Dikorai), and a number of
reserve forests (e.g. Chariduar, Balipara reserve-forest).
In the extreme north of the region (Bhalukpung, Sijushah,
Pabhoi, etc.), are hills and hillocks marking the starting
of the Himalayan foothills.
Tezpur is an important tourist destination with beautiful
parks, temples and ancient monuments. It is a serene town,
famous for its beautiful parks, ancient Hindu temples and
archaeological ruins steeped in mythology, legend and
folklore. Cole Park, Agnigarh, Padum Pukhuri, Ouguri hill,
Trimurty Udyan, Bamuni Hills, Mahabhairab Temple, and Nameri
National Park are the main tourist destinations.
Nehru Maidan, the
triangular green park behind the Tourist Lodge, features a
pretty little church and the small District Museum, with old
manuscripts and sculptures from both ancient and modern
times, labeled in Assamese and English.
Tourist Lodge, Chitralekha Udyan, with its central lake, was
laid out by a British Deputy Commissioner in the 1800`s to
house remnants of Asura`s palace. The park is at its best in
the early evening when the fairy lights and pathways are lit
The main market,
Chowk Bazaar, is on MC Road roughly 1-km north of the
tourist lodge, with the ancient Mahabhairav temple,still
further north, dedicated to an incarnation of Shiva.
1-km east along
the river Brahmaputra, the hill of Agnigarh commands a great
view over the town and river. It is said to be the place
where Asura imprisoned his daughter, Usha. Preserving the
sweet memory of young lovers, Agnigarh or the rampart,
surrounded by fire, is perhaps the most beautiful tourist
sport of Tezpur. According to the legend, princess Usha the
only daughter of King Banasura was kept inside the palace,
which was surrounded by ramparts of fire.
There is little
left of Da-Parbatia temple, 6-km west of town, except its
finely carved doorframe depicting Ganga and Yamuna, said to
be the oldest specimen of religious art is Asom. The ruins
of the doorframe of Da-Parbatia temple are perhaps the
finest and oldest specimens of sculptural of iconoclastic
art in Asom. Its carving has the characteristic of the style
of early Gupta School of sculpture. The doorjambs having two
Goddesses Ganga and Yamuna standing below with garlands in
hands in artistic pose and elegance are decorated with
beautiful ornamental foliage.
The ruins of
Bamuni hills are famous for its artistic beauty. The
sculptural remains, which date back to the 9th and 10th
century AD, now lie in the Cole Park and Missionary
This large tank
preserves the name of Hazara Varman in Tezpur and was
excavated in the early part of the 19th century. This is the
third largest tank covering an area of 70 acres.
It is one of the
most beautiful places in the town. The park, which was first
established by a British Deputy Commissioner, Mr. Cole, is
the place for peace loving people. One can see here the two
massive ornamented stone pillars and the sculptural remains
of the famous Bamuni hills.
beautiful picnic and angling spot was the capital of `Bhaluka`,
the grandson of King Banasura. It is 64-kms from Tezpur
under the foot of the Aka Hills (Arunachal Pradesh ).
Remains of old fortifications are still visible. This
picturesque place lies on the way to Bomdila in Arunachal
Pradesh. Other attractions of Bhalukpong are a hot spring, a
big orchid garden at Tipi and the unspoilt beauty of nature.
About 50-km from
Tezpur, off the road to Arunachal Pradesh and a drive over a
dirt track and creaky bridges one reaches the Eco Camp - a
unique experiment by the Asom anglers Association and the
state`s Forest Department. The Eco Camp is near the Jia
Bhoroli River and across the river, on the other side, is
the Nameri Tiger Reserve.
A mammoth stone
inscription made by the Ahom General Kalia Bhomora Phukan,
who planned to construct a bridge over Brahamputra could be
seen here. Almost two centuries later, a bridge over the
Brahmaputra, at the same place has now been completed. The
3.05-km bridge named after the great Ahom general, connects
Nagaon district with Tezpur. It was opened for vehicular
traffic by the then Prime Minister of India, late Rajiv
Gandhi on April 3rd 1987.
The Nameri Tiger
Reserve and Wild Life Sanctuary
verdant environs of Arunachal Pradesh and Asom, the Nameri
Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve is famous for its golden Mahseer-
an angler`s passion. At this Sanctuary and Tiger Reserve the
best way of travel is on elephants, as there are no roads
inside the park. The thick jungle, with patches of swamp, is
home to a variety of animals and birds. Among the animals
that one can spot over here include the powerful Mithun or
Indian Bison and the rare white winged Wood Duck, counted
among the most endangered bird species on earth.
Kaziranga covering an area of 72-km is only 65-km to the
west of Tezpur town. The animals to be seen in this
sanctuary are the one-horned Rhinoceros, Buffaloes,
Leopards, Sambhars, Barking Deer, Tigers, varieties of water
birds; Green Pigeon, Florican, Teal, Geese and the Wild
national park of Asom, Kaziranga is 80-kms from Tezpur via
Kalia Bhomora Bridge. The park is world famous for its
one-horned Rhinoceros. Kaziranga is the abode of varieties
of wildlife life such as the Tiger, Elephant, Indian Bison,
Buffalo, Leopard, Jungle Cat, Hog-Badger, Cap Langur,
Hillock Gibbon, Swamp Deer, Sambhar, Hog Deer, Barking Deer,
Sloth Bear, Goose, Hornbill, Ebisse, Cormorant, Egret,
Heron, Fishing Eagle and Pelican.