Town Life in the
Sonitpur District is a land of natural beauty, ancient
monuments, and rich cultural heritage. It is spread over an
area of 5,225 sq km on the north bank of the Brahmaputra.
The name 'Sonitpur' literally means 'the city of blood.' It
is bounded by Arunachal Pradesh in the north, Lakhimpur
District in the east and Darrang District in the west.
Sonitpur, located between the mighty Brahmaputra and the
Himalayan foothills of Arunachal Pradesh, is largely plain
with some hills.
Brahmaputra forms the southern boundary of Sonitpur. A
number of rivers originating from the Himalayan foothills
flow southwards and ultimately fall in the river Brahmaputra.
There are many river islands in Brahmaputra, known as
'chars' in local parlance. They are generally sandy and
large enough for habitation and cultivation. Rowmari,
Dighali, Borsola, Rongapani, and Dhandi are the main lakes
in Sonitpur. The plains of the central and southern are
dotted with hills and hillocks, especially near the
The economy is based on agriculture - approximately 80
percent of the population depend on agriculture and allied
activities for their livelihood. Paddy, jute, sugarcane,
tea, pulses and mustard are the major crops. Tobacco,
potato, vegetables, and fruits such as banana, pineapples,
oranges, and mangoes are the minor crops grown. Sonitpur has
a favorable soil and climate for the cultivation of various
horticultural crops. There are also a large number of tea
Sonitpur District has a population of about 1.6 million. The
majority of the people follow Hindu religion. There are also
followers of Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, and Buddhism.